The London Borough of Hackney is a north east London Borough inside Inner London in the United Kingdom. Southern and eastern parts of the borough are popularly, but unofficially, regarded as being part of east London, with northern and western locations considered to belong to north London. The London Plan, issued by the Greater London Authority, assigns whole boroughs to sub-regions for statutory monitoring, engagement and resource allocation purposes. The latest 2011 iteration of this program assigns Hackney towards the 'East' sub-region, even though the 2008 and 2004 versions assigned the borough to 'North' and 'East' sub-regions respectively.
Hackney is bounded by Islington towards the west, Haringey towards the north, Waltham Forest towards the north-east, Newham to the east, Tower Hamlets towards the south-east and the City of London towards the south-west. It covers a total area of 7.36 square miles. In line with population estimates from 2014, the borough features a permanent population of around 263150 inhabitants. A lot of Hackney retains an inner-city character, but in such areas as Dalston large housing estates have been joined by newly created gated communities. In South Hackney, close to Victoria Park, terraced Georgian, Victorian and Edwardian housing still survives.
Towards the east is the big open space of Hackney Marshes along with the districts of Hackney Wick and Homerton. Light industries within the area surrounding the River Lea employ over 3000 staff. Some of the area was employed for the 2012 Summer Olympics.