The London Borough of Newham is a London borough within east London. It's about 5 miles (8 km) east of the City of London, north of the River Thames. The borough was formed by merging the previous area of the Essex county borough of East Ham and also the county borough of West Ham as a borough of the newly formed Greater London, on 1 April 1965. Green Street and Boundary Road mark the former boundary involving the two. North Woolwich also became part of the borough, which was previously within the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich, south of the River Thames inside the County of London, in conjunction with a smaller area west of the River Roding which had previously been part of the Municipal Borough of Barking.
The borough covers an overall area of 13.98 square miles. Based on population estimates produced part way through 2014, Newham is a borough with a permanent population of around 324322 individuals. According to the 2011 Census, Newham has the youngest general population in the country. Transport in Newham is undergoing a significant upgrade, together with the completed Docklands Light Railway and Jubilee Line Extension, and new or improved stations at Canning Town, West Ham and Stratford. Stratford International station on High Speed 1 opened in late 2009.
Newham was one of the six host boroughs for the 2012 Summer Olympics and contains the majority of the Olympic Park including the Olympic Stadium.