Radstock is a town in Somerset, England, 9 miles (14 km) south west of Bath, and 8 miles (13 km) north west of Frome. It is within the unitary authority of Bath as well as North East Somerset and had a population of 5,620 according to the 2011 Census. Since 2011 Radstock has actually been a community council in its very own right. Radstock has actually been worked out considering that the Iron Age, and its significance grew after the building of the Fosse Way, a Roman roadway. The development of the town happened after 1763, when coal was found in the area. Large numbers of mines opened up throughout the 19th century consisting of numerous owned by the Waldegrave family, who had actually been Lords of the Estate since the English Civil War. Admiral Lord Radstock, bro of George, fourth Earl Waldegrave, took the community's name as his title when produced a Baron. The spoil heap of Writhlington colliery is now the Writhlington Site of Special Scientific Interest, which includes 3,000 lots of Upper Carboniferous ruin from which more than 1,400 insect fossil specimens have actually been recouped. The facility geology and also slim joints made coal extraction difficult. Tonnage enhanced throughout the 19th century, reaching a peak around 1901, when there were 79 different collieries and also annual production was 1,250,000 lots per year. Nonetheless, as a result of neighborhood geological problems and workforce shortages output declined and also the number of pits decreased from 30 at the beginning of the 20th century to 14 by the mid-thirties; the last 2 pits, Kilmersdon as well as Writhlington, closed in September 1973. The Great Western Railway as well as the Somerset and Dorset Railway both developed terminals as well as mustering backyards in the community. The last passenger train solutions to Radstock closed in 1966. Production industries such as printing, binding as well as product packaging offer some local employment. In the last few years, Radstock has progressively come to be a traveler town for the neighboring cities of Bath as well as Bristol. Radstock is residence to the Radstock Museum which is housed in a former market hall, and has a variety of displays which offer an understanding into north-east Somerset life since the 19th century. Much of the displays relate to neighborhood geology and also the now obsolete Somerset coalfield as well as geology. The town is additionally house to Writhlington School, renowned for its Orchid collection, and also a variety of academic, religious as well as social structures as well as sporting clubs.