Resin bound driveway

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Resin bound driveway

A resin bound driveway is a fantastic option for your home, whether your property is contemporary or built years ago. Resin bound driveways are made using aggregate (stones or gravel) and a thick resin that are mixed together and trowelled onto a bitmac or concrete base. The result is a shiny surface where all of the gravel is contained within the resin and won’t come loose, giving you a great-looking driveway that requires very little maintenance.
Why should I get a resin bound driveway?
If you’re fed up with sweeping the gravel back onto your driveway and filling in bald patches where the gravel gets carried away on tyres and people’s shoes, a resin bound driveway could be the answer for you. Since all the aggregate is set on the resin, it won’t get dislodged, so there’s no need to spend time every weekend trying to perfect your driveway. All a resin bound driveway needs is a quick wash down with a hose or pressure washer every now and again to keep it looking shiny and new.
Another benefit to resin bound driveways is that they’re permeable. They leave a porous surface, which means that there are lots of little holes in the driveway that allow water to seep through. As well as being good for the environment by allowing for drainage, it also means that you won’t end up with pooling or flooding on your driveway.
Resin bound or resin bonded?
You might have heard people talk about resin bound and resin bonded driveways, and assumed that they’re the same thing. But they’re not – while resin bound driveways are made from a resin and aggregate mix, a resin bonded driveway is made by spreading a layer of resin over the surface then scattering the aggregate over the top. It creates a non-permeable surface, so it’s not suitable if there are regulations in your area about adequate drainage around your property.
Resin bonded driveways can be useful when you need an extra-grippy surface or don’t want the look of a perfectly shiny and neat surface. Some homeowners find that resin bound driveways look too modern with period properties, but it’s usually down to personal preference.
Things to consider before getting a resin bound driveway
There are a few things to consider when you’re thinking about how your perfect resin bound driveway will look:

  • Resin type: The resin that your contractor uses should be UV-resistant to help your driveway last as long as possible.

  • Aggregate size: The best size of aggregate (stones) to use are between 6 and 10mm in diameter. Any bigger and they will stop rainwater from seeping through, causing pooling and flooding on your driveway.

  • Aggregate colour: Darker colour stones are better to use because they’re more resistant to UV rays and won’t be bleached by the sun. However, if you would like lighter stones, just make sure you choose a top-of-the-range UV-resistant resin to protect them.


Will a resin bound driveway save me money?
In the long term, a resin bound driveway might save you money. If you look after it properly, it could last over 25 years, which is much longer than a typical gravel driveway.
Since they also offer good drainage around your property, a resin bound driveway might also save you money there since flooding around your home could cause damage to your belongings as well as cause structural problems like damp, which is very costly to fix.
As long as you wash your driveway occasionally with soapy water and sweep away debris, you shouldn’t need to carry out many repairs on your resin bound driveway, so you’ll save money there too.

Will a resin bound driveway save me money?

In the long term, a resin bound driveway might save you money. If you look after it properly, it could last over 25 years, which is much longer than a typical gravel driveway.

Since they also offer good drainage around your property, a resin bound driveway might also save you money there since flooding around your home could cause damage to your belongings as well as cause structural problems like damp, which is very costly to fix.

As long as you wash your driveway occasionally with soapy water and sweep away debris, you shouldn’t need to carry out many repairs on your resin bound driveway, so you’ll save money there too.

Average Resin bound driveway cost

Average price per Resin bound driveway job in 2021

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£2,625

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£3,500

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£4,025

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Resin bound driveway installation cost in 2021

Labour cost £2,450
Material cost £875
Waste removal £175

Advantages for Resin bound driveway

  • Lower cost than some other driveway materials at a price of around £40 per m2
  • Offers a permeable surface to stop flooding around your property
  • Most installations only take a few days to complete
  • Good for the environment as they help with rainwater drainage

Disadvantages for Resin bound driveway

  • Resin used should be UV stable as using the incorrect resin can lead to issues later on
  • Lighter-coloured stones may bleach in the sun if not mixed with a good UV-resistant resin

Resin bound driveway Manufacturers

Resin bound driveway FAQs

What’s the difference between resin bound and resin bonded driveways?

While resin bound and resin bonded driveways have similar names, it might surprise you to know that they’re very different. Both paving systems use resin and aggregates (stones) to form a fixed surface, but there are plenty more differences than there are similarities.

Resin bound driveways are made from a resin and aggregate mix that is trowelled onto a bitmac or concrete base. It leaves a smooth, flat finish and you won’t find any loose gravel. It’s also a pourous surface, which means that rainwater can pass through into the ground, avoiding pools and flooding.

However, resin bonded driveways involve spreading resin across a base, then scattering aggregate into it. Most of the stones will stick to the resin, but some will stay loose. That means you’ll get the effect of loose gravel without so much to sweep and take care of. Because the stones are scattered onto a complete layer of resin, water can’t pass through it. That means you could end up with water pooling, and it also means that a resin bonded driveway isn’t frost resistant, meaning it could get slippery.

So which is better – a resin bound or resin bonded driveway? The answer depends on a few things. If you have a period property where a smooth, shiny surface might not complement the look of your home, you might want to go for resin bonded. If you need lots of grip, for example if you’re a wheelchair user, resin bonded may also be the way to go – even though resin bound surfaces still offer enough grip for sloped driveways and ramps. But if you want a low-maintenance, weed-free, permeable surface, resin bound driveways are the way to go.

How to repair resin bound driveways

Resin bound driveways are known to last a long time without the need for repairs, but sometimes accidents happen. You also need to make sure you regularly maintain your driveway by sweeping and power washing it to prevent damage. But if it does get damaged, how do you repair your resin bound driveway?

If you notice a crack in your resin bound driveway, it’s important to repair it as soon as possible. If you leave it to erode, you could end up with a difficult repair that will cost much more money.

To repair a crack, you’ll need to carefully chisel it open slightly so you can apply a primer then fill in the crack with a matching-coloured resin and aggregate mix. While there are variations in colour and size with all stone mixes, usually it’s easy to find a batch that matches almost perfectly. And once the crack has been repaired for a while, it will blend in seamlessly with the rest of your driveway.

To prevent cracking in your resin bound driveway, it’s best to tackle the issue at initial installation. Speak to your installer about whether it’s possible to add fibreglass mesh to the base. You should also ask your installer to add expansion trims as these will significantly reduce the risks of cracks.

So the best way to repair resin bound driveways is to prise open the crack and fill it in. It might seem simple, but getting the right colour match is something that should be left to the professionals, so get a few quotes to ensure you get the best finish.

How to lay resin bound driveways

It's pretty tricky to lay resin bound driveways. Most contractors will go on courses to learn how to lay resin bound paving or driveways to ensure that they get a high-quality installation that will last the customer decades. So while you could do it yourself, it’s probably best leaving it to the professionals. But if you want to know how to lay resin bound driveways, take a look at these rough steps to give you an idea.

  1. Prepare the base

    If you want your resin bound driveway to last a long time, you need to ensure that you prepare the base properly. Remove any block paving, grass or soil and dig down until you hit solid ground. Lay a sub-base of asphalt for good permeability. If you’re laying over the top of your current driveway, make sure that all cracks are increased into a ‘v’ shape with a saw and ensure the surface is dry and weed-free.

  2. Mix the resin

    You must follow the instructions on the materials you have to the letter if you want the curing process to work. Usually batches come in ‘Part A’ and ‘Part B’. Keep the resin container secure and on a protective surface to avoid splashing, then mix Part A for 10-20 seconds at a slow speed with a helical bladed mixer. Add Part B and mix thoroughly at a slow speed for about 2 minutes until it’s blended together.

  3. Mix the dried aggregates and sand with the resin

    Place a quarter of the aggregates into a mixer, then add the pre-mixed resin and start a stopwatch. You should then add the rest of the aggregates before slowly adding the sand. When you’re happy with that mix, stop the stopwatch. That time is the time that you need to spend mixing any other resin and aggregates to avoid colour variation.

  4. Lay the mix on the surface

    Transfer the mix to the work area then plan a laying route. When the mix is laid out, use a very clean trowel to spread the mix. Clean it regularly during the process to avoid dragging aggregates out of place. Once the aggregates stop moving in a fluid movement and become solid, stop trowelling. Then you can polish the surface to give it an attractive shine.

It’s clear that laying resin bound driveways is not an easy task. It’s best to get a few quotes from reputable, experienced companies to lay your driveway for you.

How much is a resin bound driveway?

Resin bound driveways are an excellent solution for your home. The stones, or aggregates, are sealed in a UV-resistant resin so they won’t move around and need sweeping all the time. But how much is a resin bound driveway?

On average, the cost of installing a resin bound driveway is £40 per square metre. You should expect it to take between 2-5 days to complete, at a rate of around £150 - £250 per day. The total average cost, depending on how difficult the driveway is to lay, is approximately £2,300.

Exactly how much a resin bound driveway costs will depend on a few things. If you’ve already got a concrete or block paved driveway, the contractors might be able to lay the resin on top, which will save time and money. But if not, or there are lots of cracks in the current surface, they’ll have to dig up the old one and prepare a new base and sub-base.

The type of stone, or aggregate, you choose will also affect the cost. You might be tempted to opt for smaller size stones because they’re cheaper, but if you choose aggregate between 6mm-10mm wide, the drainage will be better which will stop water from pooling. It’s also cheaper to get a darker colour stone, because lighter stones will require a stronger UV-resistant resin to stop them from getting bleached by the sun in different places.

While resin bound driveways cost more than asphalt or concrete ones, they last much longer. You can expect a properly installed and maintained driveway to last 25 years or more, while asphalt and concrete might only last 15.

What is a resin bound driveway?

A resin bound driveway is made from resin and aggregates that are mixed together to create a smooth, flat surface. They’re often called ‘stone carpets’ because they offer a decorative finish that is durable and requires very little maintenance. It has lots of little gaps that allow water to drain into the ground, which means that you won’t get pooling or flooding around your property.

You can choose from lots of different colours and types of aggregate (stones) so that your resin bound driveway complements your property. Most contractors recommend choosing a darker aggregate because they are more resistant to the sun, but if you choose a good UV-resistant resin you should be able to have a lighter stone that doesn’t get too bleached by the sun.

To lay a resin bound driveway, resin and aggregates are mixed in a forced action mixer to create a mixture that a tradesperson will then pour and trowel onto a prepared base. It will become smooth once it’s cured, and the stones will all be contained, so you won’t have to spend time sweeping gravel back onto your driveway. The only maintenance that’s needed is to wash it with soapy water every now and again and sweep away any debris. Just make sure you don’t use chemicals or oils, as this might damage the coating.

How to clean resin bound driveways

The best way to clean resin bound driveways is to sweep it regularly with a stiff broom. This will remove any debris and prevent moss from growing. It's a good idea to jet wash it after sweeping, because this will get rid of any smaller parts that a broom might not collect.

When you jet wash or power wash your resin bound driveway, make sure the pressure isn’t too high. It’s recommended to keep the pressure less than 150bar, as anything too strong could damage the surface. Make sure the water is cool, but not cold – both hot and cold water can damage the resin. Make sure the jet wash nozzle is at least 20cm from the surface. Any closer and this could damage your driveway. Use a sweeping back and forth motion to clean.

If you treat the area before you have your resin bound driveway installed, you shouldn’t get any weed growth. But if you get any moss or algae appear, you can apply a moss and algae killer that should remove and prevent any regrowth. If you have ingrained algae, you can remove it with a strong bleach solution; make sure you follow the manufacturer’s instructions. This should also help restore the driveway’s original colour. Make sure you rinse your driveway thoroughly with clean water after using bleach on it to prevent any harm to wildlife or plants.

If you get chewing gum on your resin bound driveway and you can’t get it off with a pressure washer, try using a freezing spray on it first. Then use a wall scraper to gently remove it – never dig under the chewing gum as this could damage the resin on your driveway.

Are resin bound driveways expensive?

Whether you think resin bound driveways are expensive or not will depend on your perception. While resin bound driveways are the most expensive up front, they should last much longer than other types of driveway. You should expect a resin bound driveway to last at least 25 years, if not longer, while a concrete or asphalt driveway may last between 15-20 years. A pattern imprinted driveway may last even less time due to the maintenance required to keep them looking pristine.

It’s also worth considering that resin bound driveways are good permeable surfaces, so will drain well and keep water from pooling around your property. This will keep your property maintenance costs down, since pooling water or flooding around your home could cause damp in your walls which is a very expensive problem to fix.

Resin bound driveways are by far the most attractive type of driveway to have. There are no loose stones to sweep up, no weeds to pull out from the gaps, and there’s no extensive power washing required to keep them looking good. If you want a driveway that gives your home true kerb appeal and you value your time, resin bound driveways don’t seem that expensive.

The other factor that can make resin bonded driveways less expensive is that sometimes you can lay them on top of the existing surface. For example, if you already have a concrete or asphalt driveway that is in good condition with no large cracks, a driveway contractor may be able to lay the resin and aggregate mix straight over the top, which will cost much less money than if you have to dig up the existing driveway and start from scratch.

How long does a resin bound driveway last?

Resin bound driveways are a great way to have an attractive-looking gravel driveway without the loose stones to clear up. The clue is in the name – your choice of aggregates (stones) are bound in resin to stop them moving; the surface is still permeable so water can drain away.

So how long does a resin bound driveway last? When installed properly, you can expect it to last 25 years or more. But there are some things you need to do to ensure that your resin bound driveway lasts that long:

Make sure the contractor uses the right type of resin

Your resin bonded driveway will last longer if you choose the right kind of resin. It needs to be a UV-resistant resin so the sun doesn’t damage it, especially if you choose a lighter-coloured paving stone. Darker stones are more UV-resistant, so you might want to consider that too.

Think carefully about the size of stone to use

You might think that the size of the stones in your driveway doesn’t make a difference, but your resin bound driveway will last longer if you choose a stone of about 6mm to 10mm in size. This is because any bigger will affect the surface water drainage, potentially causing flooding on your property and maybe even damp in your walls.

Keep your driveway maintained

It’s vital that you keep your resin bound driveway maintained if you want it to last a long time. Make sure you hose it down and sweep it regularly to remove debris and maintain its porosity. When you clean your driveway, the water needs to be soapy, but don’t use chemicals or oils as this could damage the resin.

As long as you look after your resin bound driveway, it should last you for decades. Just make sure you get a reputable company to install it for you.

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