The London Borough of Hackney is a north east London Borough inside Inner London in the United Kingdom. Southern and eastern parts of the borough are popularly, but unofficially, regarded as being part of east London, with northern and western locations considered to belong to north London. The London Plan, issued by the Greater London Authority, assigns whole boroughs to sub-regions for statutory monitoring, engagement and resource allocation purposes. The latest 2011 iteration of this strategy assigns Hackney to the 'East' sub-region, whilst the 2008 and 2004 versions assigned the borough to 'North' and 'East' sub-regions respectively.
Hackney is bounded by Islington to the west, Haringey towards the north, Waltham Forest towards the north-east, Newham to the east, Tower Hamlets towards the south-east and the City of London towards the south-west. It covers a total area of 7.36 square miles. Based on population estimates from 2014, the borough includes a permanent population of about 263150 people. A lot of Hackney retains an inner-city character, but in such areas as Dalston big housing estates have been joined by newly created gated communities. The historical and administrative heart of Hackney is the area roughly extending north from Mare Street and around the Church of St John-at-Hackney; called Hackney Central.
To the east is the large open space of Hackney Marshes along with the districts of Hackney Wick and Homerton. Light industries within the area around the River Lea employ over 3000 staff. Some of the area was employed for the 2012 Summer Olympics.