The London Borough of Southwark in south London, England forms a part of Inner London and is connected by bridges across the River Thames to the City of London. It was formed in 1965 when three smaller sized council places amalgamated under the London Government Act 1963. This incorporated the former area of the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark, the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell, plus the Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey. It is controlled by Southwark London Borough Council.
It borders the City of London and the London Borough of Tower Hamlets towards the north, with the River Thames forming the boundary, the London Borough of Lambeth towards the west plus the London Borough of Lewisham towards the east. To the south are the London Boroughs of Bromley and Croydon. Southwark features a wide selection of housing, which includes council housing, including the post-Blitz Aylesbury Estate and also the Heygate Estate to provide homes to low-income residents. About 31 percent of householders are owner-occupiers.
The borough is home to several cultural, historical and notable attractions. The Shard, Tate Modern, Shakespeare's Globe Theatre, and Borough Market that are the biggest of the venues in Southwark to draw domestic and international tourism. Dulwich is home to the Dulwich Picture Gallery as well as the Imperial War Museum in Elephant and Castle.