The London Borough of Hackney is a north east London Borough within Inner London in the UK. Southern and eastern parts of the borough are popularly, but unofficially, regarded as being part of east London, with northern and western locations considered to belong to north London. The London Plan, issued by the Greater London Authority, assigns entire boroughs to sub-regions for statutory monitoring, engagement and resource allocation purposes. The latest 2011 iteration of this strategy assigns Hackney to the 'East' sub-region, whilst the 2008 and 2004 versions assigned the borough to 'North' and 'East' sub-regions respectively.
Hackney is bounded by Islington towards the west, Haringey towards the north, Waltham Forest towards the north-east, Newham towards the east, Tower Hamlets to the south-east and also the City of London to the south-west. It covers a total area of 7.36 square miles. In line with population estimates from 2014, the borough features a permanent population of around 263150 individuals. A lot of Hackney retains an inner-city character, but in such areas as Dalston big housing estates have been joined by newly created gated communities. The historical and administrative heart of Hackney is the area roughly extending north from Mare Street and surrounding the Church of St John-at-Hackney; known as Hackney Central.
Towards the east is the big open space of Hackney Marshes plus the districts of Hackney Wick and Homerton. Light industries within the area around the River Lea employ more than 3000 personnel. Some of the area was employed for the 2012 Summer Olympics.