The London Borough of Newham is a London borough within east London. It is about 5 miles (8 km) east of the City of London, north of the River Thames. The borough was established by merging the previous area of the Essex county borough of East Ham plus the county borough of West Ham as a borough of the newly formed Greater London, on 1 April 1965. Green Street and Boundary Road mark the former boundary among the two. North Woolwich also became part of the borough, which was previously within the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich, south of the River Thames in the County of London, in addition to a smaller area west of the River Roding which had previously been part of the Municipal Borough of Barking.
The borough covers a total area of 13.98 square miles. According to population estimates made part way through 2014, Newham is a borough with a permanent population of about 324322 people. In line with the 2011 Census, Newham has the youngest general population in the country. Transport in Newham is undergoing a significant upgrade, with the completed Docklands Light Railway and Jubilee Line Extension, and new or improved stations at Canning Town, West Ham and Stratford. The Docklands Light Railway was extended to serve London City Airport.
Newham was one of the six host boroughs for the 2012 Summer Olympics and contains many of the Olympic Park which includes the Olympic Stadium.