The London Borough of Tower Hamlets is a London borough to the east of the City of London and north of the River Thames. Covering a total area of approximately 7.63 square miles, it is in the eastern part of London and covers much of the conventional East End. The London Borough of Hackney lies towards the north of the borough while the River Lea forms the boundary with the London Borough of Newham in the east. On the other side of the Thames is the London Borough of Southwark to the southwest, The London Borough of Lewisham towards the South, plus the Royal Borough of Greenwich to the southeast. The River Lea also forms the boundary between these parts of London historically in Middlesex, with those formerly in Essex.
Based on population estimates made during 2014, the borough has a permanent population of around 284015 people. Additionally, it consists of much of the redeveloped Docklands region of London, including West India Docks and Canary Wharf.
The borough is also reasonably well-known for being home to the Women's Library in Aldgate, which is Great Britain's major library and museum resource on women and the women's movement, particularly concentrating on Britain within the 19th and 20th centuries. Furthermore, a part of the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park is in Tower Hamlets.